BEHAVIOUR OF REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAMS WITH COCONUT SHELL AS COARSE AGGREGATES

Cordilia Marboh, Amrita Agnihotri, Rajni Raja Tomar, Rahul Kumar Satbhaiya

Abstract


The high cost of conventional building materials is a major factor affecting housing delivery in world. This has necessitated research into alternative materials of construction. The project paper aims at analyzing flexural and compressive strength characteristics of concrete produced using crushed, granular coconut as substitutes for conventional coarse aggregate with partial replacement using M20 grade concrete. Beams are casted, tested and their physical and mechanical properties are determined. The main objective is to encourage the use of these ‘seemingly’ waste products as construction materials in low-cost housing. It is also expected to serve the purpose of encouraging housing developers in investing these materials in house construction.

Keywords


Concrete; Waste; Utilization; Coconut Shell

Full Text:

PDF

References


Cyr M, Aubert JE, Husson B, Clastres P, “Recycling Waste in Cement Based Materials: a Studying Methodology”. In: RILEM Proceedings of the Conference on the Use of Recycled Materials in Building and Structures, Barcelona, Spain, pp. 306-315, 2004.

Basri, H.B, M.A.Mannan, and M.F.M.Zain, “Concrete using waste oil palm shells as aggregates”, Cement and Concrete Research 29, pp. 619-622, 1999.

Ohler, J.G. (Ed.). “Modern Coconut Management, Palm Cultivation and Products”, FAO. London: Intermediate Tenology Publ. Ltd, 1999.

Siti Aminah Bt Tukiman and Sabarudin Bin Mohd, “Investigate the combination of coconut shell and grained Palm kernel to replace aggregate in concrete: a technical Review”, National Conference on Postgraduate Research (NCON-PGR), Malaysia, 2009.

Olanipekun, E,A, Olusola K.O. and Atia, O., “Comparative study between palm kernel shell and coconut shell as coarse aggregate”, Journal of Engineer and Applied Science, Asian Research Publishing Network. Japan, 2005. 2010.

Olanipekun, E.A., Olusola, K.O. & Ata, O, A comparative study of concrete properties using coconut shell & palm kernel shell as coarse aggregates, Building and Environment 41:297-301,2006.

Gopal Charan Behera, Ranjan Kumar Behera, Coconut Shell as Coarse Aggregate, International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), vol.2, Issue 6, June – 2013.

Amarnath Yerramala Ramachandrudu C, Properties of Concrete with Coconut Shells as Aggregate Replacement, International Journal of Engineering Inventions, vol.1, Issue 6, October 2012.

M. S. Shetty “Concrete Technology”- S. Chand Publication House 2008

M. L. Gambhir “Concrete Technology”- Tata McGraw Hill book, New York

. J. M. Crow, The Concrete Conundrum, 2006. Available a www.chemistryworld.com (Accessed on July 28, 2012)

. A. Short and W. Kinniburgh, Lightweight Concrete, Applied Science Publishers, London, 1978.

. T.R. Naik, Sustainability of Concrete Construction, Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction,13(2),2008,98-103.

. M. Adom-Asamoah, Wiafe Ampofo J. and Owusu A.R., Flexural and shear behaviour of reinforced concrete beams made from recycled materials, Journal of Ghana institution of Engineers, Vol.6&7,No. 1, 2009, 57-66.

. A.A Ramezanianpour. Mahdikhani and M. Ahmadibeni Gh, The Effect of Rice Husk Ash on Mechanical Properties and Durability of Sustainable Concretes, International Journal of Civil Engineering, 7(2), 2009, 83-91.

. “Exploratory study of Periwinkle shells as coarse aggregate in concrete works”,A.P Adewuyi Department of Urban and Civil Engineering , Ibaraki University, Hitachi Japan and T. Adegoke Department of Civil Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology,Ogbomoso, Nigeria.

. “Development of lightweight concrete using industrial waste material, palm kernel shell as lightweight aggregate and its properties”, Alengaram, U.J. Dept.of Civil Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

. “Comparative study of concrete properties using coconut shell and palm kernel shell as coarse aggregates”,E.A Oanipekun , K.O. Olusola.Ata, Department of Building, Obafemi Awolowo University ,Ile-Ife, Osu State, Nigeria.

. “Mechanical and bond properties of coconut shell concrete”,K. Gunasekaran P.S. Kumar, M.Laskhmipathy,Department of Civil Engineering and Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India.

. D.Y. Osei and E.N. Jackson, Experimental study of palm kernel shells as coarse aggregate in concrete, International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research 3(8), 2012. Available at www.ijser.org.

. British Standard Institution, BS 8110-Part I, The structural use of concrete, BSI, London, 1997.

. www.water.siemens.com (Accessed on April 20, 2013)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.