PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF HYDROGEN FUEL IN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE (4-STROKE)
The automotive industry is especially impacted. In recent years the price of gasoline has fluctuated substantially and the price of crude oil has reached record highs. The high price of gasoline coupled with the uncertainty of its availability and future price have put a high priority on fuel economy of an engine. In addition the emissions released from internal combustion (IC) engines are polluting the atmosphere. Many studies have linked the greenhouse gases produced by an automobile engine to the partial destruction of our atmosphere and to global warming. As a result the US government is passing stricter and stricter emissions regulations. These major issues are putting pressure on automakers to develop new technologies to increase the fuel economy and decrease the emissions while maintaining or improving the engine’s performance. Several new technologies have resulted. All of these technologies accomplish these goals by increasing the efficiency of an engine. As a whole these technologies are called variable valve actuation. These technologies achieve a higher efficiency by reducing the constants of the engine. Slight modifications are made for hydrogen feeding which do not change the basic characteristics of the original engine. Comparison is made between the gasoline and hydrogen operation and engine design changes are discussed. Certain remedies to overcome the backfire phenomena are attempted.
. Buecker, B., Selby. T., energy-tech.com -http://www.energytech. com/article.cfm?id=18135
. H. T. Michels, W. W. Kirk and A. H. Tuthill http://www.springerlink.com/content/kg570j67jnq65038/
. R. Paul, L. Pattanayak, Performance Improvement of Pulverized Coal Fired Thermal Power Plant: A Retrofitting Option, Research Inventy, International Journal of Engineering and Science Vol.4, Issue 9 (Sept 2014), PP 05-13 ISSN 2278-4721.
. R. Vidya Sagar Raju, T. Hari Prasad, K. Thirupathi Reddy, An Energy Analysis of Rayalaseema Thermal (Coal Based) Power Plant, International Journal of Engineering Research Volume No.3 Issue No: Special 1, pp: 26-32, (2014), ISSN:2319-6890)
. J. Li, J. Gibbins, T. Cockerill, H. Chalmers, M. Lucquiaud and X. Liang, “An assessment of the potential for retrofitting existing coal fired power plants in China,” Energy Procedia 4, pp. 1805-1811, 2011.
. Ö. Korkmaz, G. Oeljeklaus and K. Görner, “Analysis of retrofitting coal-fired power plants with carbon dioxide capture,” Energy Procedia 1, pp. 1289-1295, 2009.
. G. Xu, Y.-p. Yang, J. Ding, S. Li, W. Liu and K. Zhang, “Analysis and optimization of CO2 capture in an existing coal-fired power plant in China,” Energy, 2013.
. G. Heyena and B. Kalitventze, “A comparison of advanced thermal cycles suiTable for upgrading existing power plant,” Appl Thermal Eng, vol. 19, p. 227–37, 1999.
. Y. Linbo, H. Boshu, P. Xiaohui, W. Chaojun, Y. Min and S. Jingge, “Research on Retrofit Schemes for Reheat Steam Underheating and Excessive Desuperheater Spray for a 600 MW Tangentially Coal-Fired Boiler,” Energy Fuels, vol. 26, pp. 5804-5820, 2012.
. H. Gerbelová, P. Versteeg, S. Christos, Ioakimidis and P. Ferrão, “The effect of retrofitting Portuguese fossil fuel power plants with CCS,” Applied Energy , vol. 101, p. 280–287, 2013.
. Sierens R, Rosseel E. 1995. “Development of a multi-point timed injection S.I. natural gas engine” ASME Spring Engine Technology Conference, Marietta (Ohio). ICE, vol. 24, Natural Gas and Alternative Fuels for engines, p. 99–104.
- There are currently no refbacks.