A STUDY OF MODELLING STRATEGIC HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES
The role and contribution of Human resource management is constantly evolving and now with the epoch of globalization it calls for the integration of human resource management practices with the business strategy. This paper is an attempt to prepare a road map and model guidelines for taking HR function to its desired role of integrating with the strategies of the organisation and for this purpose the authors examines the strategic human resource management practices in the telecom industry of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia has been chosen as the focus of study based on discussions with subject experts. The Strategic Integration is studied through various dimensions such as the level of strategic HRM alignment, training and development, career planning system and employee participation. During the research, HR Practices are reviewed and analyzed as adopted by the telecom sector, the researchers also investigate the differences in HRM practices in telecom industry in different ownership forms (Domestic vis a vis Multinational). The major constraints faced by a multinational company to operate in foreign country are also discussed.Data were obtainedthrough questionnaire survey and interviews from a sample of 121 employees including senior HR managers. The data analysis is based on statistical tools of descriptive statistics and paired sample t-test applying SPSS. The findings suggest that although a few steps have been taken by a handful of companies to improve the human resource practices but the role of SHRM still remains secondary in the country. There is indeed a significant difference and gapin the Strategic HRM practices of domestic and the multinational telecom companies. The researchers recommend integration of HRM practices into their overall operations and strategies that lead to organizational effectiveness. The study concludes by developing a model of strategic HRM, which has prepared a set of steps focusing on Role Clarity, Role Integration and Resource Adequacy, which are based on the findings of this study.
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